Intel Corporation (INTC)
Intel, Inc. (NYSE:INTC) is the world’s leading semiconductor producer and has been the industry leader since the inception of the personal computer. Intel produces products for many facets of advanced technology including flash memory products, motherboards, wired and wireless connectivity products and networked storage products.
Since the 1980s Intel has seen growing competition from a number of companies but none more significant than Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Intel has been in the industry longer than AMD and, with around 70%+ market share, maintains a significant lead over its smaller rival. Intel’s higher net income allows it to outspend AMD on R&D. Such high R&D funding has allowed Intel to maintain its leadership position in the semiconductor industry.
Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore founded Intel, Inc. in Santa Clara, California in 1968. Intel began as an engineering and technology company and developed the first microprocessor chip in 1971. Upon the invention of the personal computer (PC) microprocessors became Intel’s main business. Intel has always enjoyed the largest market share in the industry and only began facing competition in the 1980s. Since it was founded Intel has always been on the cutting edge of microprocessing technology.
Intel’s current development model, known as the “tic toc model”, calls for the introduction of a new process technology every odd year, then a move towards a new architecture during each even year.
The microprocessor industry is essentially evolving into an unbalanced duopoly. Intel competes directly with Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). While Intel still enjoys a significant advantage in market share, AMD has been gaining ground in the industry.